HeliOffshore 2016 Conference Report: Offshore Helicopter Safety Performance
The offshore helicopter safety association, HeliOffshore, has launched a new ‘Safety Performance Model’ and Safety Strategy for the industry. These were agreed at its second conference and AGM in Prague, 13-15 May 2016. They are the basis for both an on-going root and branch review of safety in the sector and collaborative safety improvement.
The HeliOffshore conference was attended by 180 leaders from operators, helicopter manufacturers, oil and gas companies, regulators, suppliers and service providers (including Aerossurance).
Introduction: Collaboration, Commitment and Courage
In her opening remarks HeliOffshore CEO Gretchin Haskins quoted President John F Kennedy: “The problems of the world cannot possibly be solved by skeptics or cynics whose horizons are limited by the obvious realities“, and how he went on to say we need people with vision “who can dream of things that never were and ask “why not?”“.
HeliOffshore, founded by the 5 largest players in offshore helicopter operations (Babcock, Bristow, CHC, ERA and PHI), has grown to almost 90 members all committed to collaborating to improve offshore helicopter safety. Haskins outlined the group’s ambitious aim:
Our aim is that no lives are lost due to offshore helicopter transport. Agreements at this conference – and work already underway to share information and expertise across the industry – will help to achieve that.
Although “in retrospect, every accident is preventable” she admits “if it was easy, it would have been done already”.
That reminds us of another JFK quote about choosing ambitious goals: “…not because they are easy, but because they are hard; because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one we intend to win…”
The key, she says, is to build “system resilience” and “increased survivability” in case of an equipment malfunction. The entire industry – from OEMs, to operators, to oil and gas customers – must also work proactively to increase safety, she says.
As part of the introduction a video message from BP‘s Chief Executive Upstream Bernard Looney discussing the 2009 G-REDU and G-REDL accidents and the critical importance of safety to the oil and gas industry. He then then introduced pilots and engineers from HeliOffshore operators worldwide, who are collaborating on safety for their vital perspective: https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=G60td-ZEpkI In addition to Commitment and Collaboration, HeliOffshore’s Operations Director Francois Lassale, mentioned another key component: Courage.
HeliOffshore Safety Strategy: Sprinting a Marathon
Bill Chiles, Chairman of the HeliOffshore Board, reflected that he had always seen HeliOffshore as being engaged in a long term marathon, but that recent events show that the industry and its stakeholders must accelerate to a sprint.
Chiles explains how at the conference:
Members have adopted a plan to undertake a fundamental review that will enhance the reliability and resilience of the offshore fleet and the systems that support it – both human and machine.
The Safety Performance Model, inspired by the Flight Safety Foundation (FSF) Basic Aviation Risk Standard for Offshore Helicopter Operations (BARS OHO) bow-tie presented at the 2015 conference (which we discussed last year). The prioritisation has been influenced by the EASA Safety Risk Portfolio for Offshore Helicopters. UPDATE 1 February 2017: BARSOHO Version 3, fully aligned with the HeliOffshore SPM, is issued and available.
UPDATE 2 July 2016: We examine the 2016 EASA Annual Safety Report and the latest offshore safety risk portfolio. HeliOffshore were keen to have stakeholder alignment on this strategy to:
- Focus resources in the areas that will make the greatest difference to safety performance.
- Show that the combination of solutions (e.g. design, training, procedures, etc.) achieve the desired operational outcomes.
- Adopt implementation of solutions which enhance safety performance.
It was noticeable that the HeliOffshore safety strategy that was agreed was introduced by a joint presentation by HeliOffshore, IOGP and EASA. The HeliOffshore strategy is to be included in the next revision of the EASA European Plan for Aviation Safety (EPAS). This was followed by a panel discussion.
We are focused on improving the reliability and resilience of systems, increasing operational effectiveness, and ensuring that the right safety enablers are in place.
As well as strengthening attention on Airworthiness / System Failure matters (which will absorb the existing HUMS activity and cover activity on aircraft survivability features), the HeliOffshore Safety Strategy emphasises control of Aircraft Upset and Surface/Obstacle Conflict as part of Operational Effectiveness (absorbing the existing activity on automation, operational performance monitoring and flight path management). These are supplemented by a focus on the underpinning ‘enablers’. Haskins commented:
Those enablers include sharing safety expertise industry-wide, so that all of those who work within and rely on offshore flight are benefiting from our best knowledge.
Information sharing (discussed on the second day) and collaboration are at the heart of HeliOffshore’s initiatives.
Helicopter System Reliability and Resilience
David Balevic, CHC’s SVP Engineering and Operations, lead a panel discussion on aircraft System Reliability and Resilience with representatives of helicopter operators, manufacturers, regulators and oil and gas companies.
Among the themes was the value of collaboration and data sharing so manufacturers can better understand how their products are being used, which in turn lead to comments about ‘big data’, human centred design, eliminating single point failures and searching out vulnerabilities. There was a philosophical debate on how improvements should ideally be retrofitable to benefit the in-service fleet, but that some safety innovations can only be integrated into new designs. One panellist commented that oil companies too often drive unnecessary cost by unnecessary differences in their requirements and another that regulators must speak with a single voice.
During the second day of the conference Sikorsky hosted a ‘Shark Tank’ (aka ‘Dragons Den’) session where 5 innovations were pitched to a panel of ‘potential investors’ from PHI, Hess, Statoil, HeliOffshore and Cougar (and to the audience who were able to vote online).
As well as being a show case for the 5 innovations this session stimulated a thoughtful debate on whether innovation is more important on the left hand side of the bow-tie (i.e. keeping aircraft safe) or the right hand side (i.e. survival and rescue) and whether the priority should be instantly fieldable mitigations or deep systemic improvements. Continuing this interactive theme, Bell Helicopter hosted a question and answer session where both the audience and a panel of experts from HNZ, Bristow and PHI voted on a series of technology and safety questions.
On survivability, the results of a HeliOffshore survey across operators were briefed. This showed a (perhaps) surprisingly high take-up on Emergency Breathing Systems (EBS) for passengers and crew. While over half of operations have put in place seas state restrictions, two thirds of operators believed it was an area that needs further research.
Health and Usage Monitoring Systems (HUMS) were also discussed. Russell Gould of Bristow and Malcolm Garrington of CHC encouraged operators to download the HUMS Best Practice Guide and the associated Implementation Guide, continue to develop their HUMS culture, ensure effective oversight and governance of HUMS processes and, continue to provide feedback on implementation. Their work creating and steering the HeliOffshore HUMS Working Group was also deservedly acknowledged. UPDATE 21 August 2016: The Best Practice Guide won the Award for Sharing and Learning at the Offshore Safety Awards 2016
Bristow’s Jonathan Baliff opened this discussion by noting that Bristow’s Target Zero initiative was aspirational and unobtainable, but in practice the company had been able to achieve sustained period without air accidents. But how do you know you aren’t just lucky? He proposed three actions: Baliff went on to introduce to introduce a discussion on improving Helicopter Terrain Awareness & Warning Systems for offshore helicopters (which we will discuss further next week), that resulted in a major collaborative commitment to a tight implementation timeline. Captain Mike Varney, President of the EBT Foundation, gave a thought provoking presentation on Evidence Based Training (EBT).
There was also feedback on a survey of operators on the implementation of Flight Crew Operations Manuals (FCOMs) based on the experience with the first Airbus Helicopters and Sikorsky FCOMs and a panel discussion. Bell also committed to a Bell 525 FCOM at Entry Into Service.
Offshore Helicopter Information Sharing
Bristow’s Steve Predmore introduced a session on Information Sharing.
HeliOffshore Information sharing is a voluntary activity, designed to supplement existing formal reporting mechanisms by allowing timely sharing of experiences. Pedmore described the group’s approach to a protocol for information sharing to provide the appropriate level of protection. HeliOffshore is expecting bids back this month on a Request for Proposals on a dedicated data sharing system. Nigel Talbot of Leonardo’s Helicopter Division lead a panel discussion on the concept with panel members from P&WC, BP, CHC and PHI.
GE also presented on ‘big data’ and the ‘Internet of Things’.
Bill Chiles quoted Theodore Roosevelt:
It is not the critic who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles, or where the doer of deeds could have done them better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena, whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood; who strives valiantly; who errs, who comes short again and again, because there is no effort without error and shortcoming; but who does actually strive to do the deeds; who knows great enthusiasms, the great devotions; who spends himself in a worthy cause; who at the best knows in the end the triumph of high achievement, and who at the worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be with those cold and timid souls who neither know victory nor defeat.
For an organisation only formed in October 2014, HeliOffshore has made significant progress building an alliance, delivering research, best practice documentation and a means to share offshore helicopter safety data globally. The agreement of the safety performance model and a common safety strategy.
At the 2017 conference it will be particularly interesting to see if more oil companies have joined the alliance (although 7 IOGP members attended the conference, as of today only BHP Billiton, BP and Shell have actually joined HeliOffshore).
UPDATE 10 June 2016: Interviews with attendees:
UPDATE 1 August 2016: Audio of two 26 July 2016 ‘all member’ calls are available.
UPDATE 19 September 2016: HeliOffshore announce that major Russian helicopter operator UTair‑Helicopter Services has become the organisation’s 100th member. The company operates more than 320 helicopters. Chief Executive Officer Andrey Ilmenskiy said:
We look forward to a fruitful collaboration with the global offshore helicopter community; one that is determined to continuously improve safety.
UPDATE 5 October 2016: Rotorhub report: HeliOffshore continues flight safety initiative
UPDATE 9 January 2017: HeliOffshore have released a HeliOffshore Automation Guidance document and six videos to demonstrate the offshore helicopter industry’s recommended practice for the use of automation.
UPDATE 7 March 2017: HeliOffshore explained more about their activities in this video filmed for HeliExpo 2017:
UPDATE 21 May 2017: Deepening Delivery: HeliOffshore 2017 Conference Report